South America is a beautiful continent with an extremely rich culture. It boasts the earliest civilization in the Americas dating to 27 B.C. which culminated with the mighty Incan Empire in 1438. Western civilization was introduced to the continent’s beauty and charm when it was discovered by Columbus in 1498. South America is home to the highest waterfall in the world, Angel Falls; the largest river by volume, the Amazon; and the longest mountain range, the Andes.
Here are our top 5 most interesting countries of South America:
For a beach holiday, Venezuela is a great pick. With 2,800 km of coastline along the Caribbean Sea, you will be amazed at the for choices of beaches and beautiful tropical scenery. Venezuela not only has beaches to offer, it possesses a wonderful variety of landscape. From the tallest waterfall in the world at Angel Falls to the vast sand dunes near Coro you can enjoy a multitude of adventures.
Known as the Paris of South America, Buenos Aires is a sophisticated and culturally rich city. Possibly the most European flavored city in South America, Buenos Aires will delight you with its exotic food, wine and architectural beauty. With many picturesque and contrasting regions such as Iguazu Falls, Patagonia, the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic coast, Argentina can offer some of the most vast and varied opportunities for exploration and adventure in all of South America.
Chile is a wonderful place for an adventure holiday. Full of mountains, forests, lagoons and beaches, Chile is home to many an unexplored wilderness and national park. Also known for it’s volcanos, Chile has three famous sites to visit, the Villarica, the Laima and the Chillan. Chile is perhaps most famous for Easter Island. A major tourist attraction for many years, people from all over the world are drawn to this mysterious and majestic island. The ancient stone monoliths remain an intriguing mystery to historians and archaeologists to this day.
Nestled between a picturesque bay, world famous beaches such as Copacabana and Ipanema, a mountain range and a tropical forest, its no wonder Rio de Janiero is one of South America’s most famous cities. A vibrant city with a rich culture of dancing, drinking and good times, Rio de Janiero is full of things to see. You can marvel at the colorful favela and travel up to the famous mountain top statue of Christ the Redeemer that stands watch over the bursting city.
Peruvian territory was home to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, the Norte Chico and also to the world renowned Inca Empire. It contains many extreme and wonderful landscapes. From the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region to the mountainous Andes region, Peru also contains the lush and wild forests of the Amazon Basin. Machu Picchu is reason alone to make a trip to Peru. Located 2,430 metres above sea level, Machu Picchu is believed to be an estate for the Inca Emperor Pachacuti. A UNESCO World Heritage site, Machu Picchu was recently voted as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.
Article by: Mark James